1 Introduction to Roman Architecture


By Diana E E Kleiner | Roman Architecture Lecture 1 of 24 Lecture


Professor Kleiner introduces the wide variety of Roman buildings covered in the course and links them with the theme of Roman urbanism. The lecture ranges from early Roman stone construction to such masterpieces of Roman concrete architecture as the Colosseum and Pantheon. Traveling from Rome and Pompeii across the vast Roman Empire, Professor Kleiner stops in such locales as North Africa and Jordan to explore the plans of cities and their individual edifices: temples, basilicas, theaters, amphitheaters, bath complexes, and tombs. The lecture culminates with reference to the impact of Roman architecture on post-antique architectural design and building practice.

Course Description

This course is an introduction to the great buildings and engineering marvels of Rome and its empire, with an emphasis on urban planning and individual monuments and their decoration, including mural painting. While architectural developments in Rome, Pompeii, and Central Italy are highlighted, the course also provides a survey of sites and structures in what are now North Italy, Sicily, France, Spain, Germany, Greece, Turkey, Croatia, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, and North Africa. The lectures are illustrated with over 1,500 images, many from Professor Kleiner’s personal collection.

Course Index

  1. Introduction to Roman Architecture
  2. The Founding of Rome and the Beginnings of Urbanism in Italy
  3. Technology and Revolution in Roman Architecture
  4. Civic, Commercial and Religious Buildings of Pompeii
  5. Houses and Villas of Pompeii
  6. Habitats at Herculaneum and Early Roman Interior Decoration
  7. Painting Palaces and Villas in the First Century A.D.
  8. Exploring Special Subjects on Pompeian Walls
  9. Augustus Assembles Rome
  10. Roman Tombs
  11. Nero and His Architectural Legacy
  12. The Colosseum and Contemporary Architecture in Rome
  13. Imperial Palace on the Palatine Hill
  14. Civic Architecture in Rome under Trajan
  15. Hadrian’s Pantheon and Tivoli Retreat
  16. Roman Life in Ostia, the Port of Rome
  17. The Baths of Caracalla
  18. Roman North Africa: Timgad and Leptis Magna
  19. Baroque Phenomenon in Roman Architecture
  20. The Rebirth of Athens
  21. Architecture of the Western Roman Empire
  22. The Tetrarchic Renaissance
  23. Rome of Constantine and a New Rome
  24. Discovering the Roman Provinces and Designing a Roman City

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