3 Technology and Revolution in Roman Architecture

By Diana E E Kleiner | Roman Architecture Lecture 3 of 24
Lecture Description

Professor Kleiner discusses the revolution in Roman architecture resulting from the widespread adoption of concrete in the late second and first centuries B.C. She contrasts what she calls innovative Roman architecture with the more traditional buildings already surveyed and documents a shift from the use of concrete for practical purposes to an exploration of its expressive possibilities. The lecture concludes with a discussion of the Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia at Palestrina, an impressive terraced complex that uses concrete to transform a mountain into a work of architecture, with ramps and stairs leading from one level to the next and porticoes revealing panoramic views of nature and of man-made architectural forms.

Course Description

This course is an introduction to the great buildings and engineering marvels of Rome and its empire, with an emphasis on urban planning and individual monuments and their decoration, including mural painting. While architectural developments in Rome, Pompeii, and Central Italy are highlighted, the course also provides a survey of sites and structures in what are now North Italy, Sicily, France, Spain, Germany, Greece, Turkey, Croatia, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, and North Africa. The lectures are illustrated with over 1,500 images, many from Professor Kleiner’s personal collection.

Course Index

  1. Introduction to Roman Architecture
  2. The Founding of Rome and the Beginnings of Urbanism in Italy
  3. Technology and Revolution in Roman Architecture
  4. Civic, Commercial and Religious Buildings of Pompeii
  5. Houses and Villas of Pompeii
  6. Habitats at Herculaneum and Early Roman Interior Decoration
  7. Painting Palaces and Villas in the First Century A.D.
  8. Exploring Special Subjects on Pompeian Walls
  9. Augustus Assembles Rome
  10. Roman Tombs
  11. Nero and His Architectural Legacy
  12. The Colosseum and Contemporary Architecture in Rome
  13. Imperial Palace on the Palatine Hill
  14. Civic Architecture in Rome under Trajan
  15. Hadrian’s Pantheon and Tivoli Retreat
  16. Roman Life in Ostia, the Port of Rome
  17. The Baths of Caracalla
  18. Roman North Africa: Timgad and Leptis Magna
  19. Baroque Phenomenon in Roman Architecture
  20. The Rebirth of Athens
  21. Architecture of the Western Roman Empire
  22. The Tetrarchic Renaissance
  23. Rome of Constantine and a New Rome
  24. Discovering the Roman Provinces and Designing a Roman City

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